1. An author's primary obligation is to present an accurate
account of the research performed as well as an objective discussion
of its significance.
2. An author should identify the source of all information
quoted or offered, except that which is considered common knowledge.
3. An author should cite those publications that have been
influential in the determining the nature of the reported work and
that will guide the reader quickly to the earlier work that is essential
for understanding the present investigation.
4. Information obtained privately through conversation,
correspondence, etc. with third parties should NOT be used or reported
in the author,s work without explicit permission from the person
with whom the information originated.
5. Co-authors should be those persons who made significant
scientific contributions to the work reported. They share in the
responsibility and the accountability for the results. The submitting
author should send each co-author a draft copy of the manuscript
and obtain their consent before submission.
1. A reviewer who does not feel qualified
to review a particular manuscript should return it with a note to
2. A reviewer should judge objectively the quality of the
3. A reviewer should treat a manuscript sent for review
as a confidential document. It should not be shown to nor discussed
with others, except in special cases where specific advice is sought
– in those cases the identities of those consulted should
be disclosed to the editor.
4. Reviewers should explain and support their judgments
so that the editors and authors will understand and address them.
Personal criticism of the author is not appropriate.